Statements and recommendations about the collaboration between environmental design/planning specialists and crime experts are becoming more and more common nowadays in European countries. These statements and recommendations are based on assumptions regarding the inter-relationships between the physical environment and human behaviour. Hence urban planning has an impact on crime and fear of crime by influencing the conduct and attitudes of offenders and potential victims (and/or targets) of crime or victims of fear of crime.

Research and experiments (see the documents on this website) show that particular types of crime can be reduced by modifying the opportunity for crime in the built environment without displacement of crime taking place.

With your help we will present on this website of the European Designing Out Crime Association (E-DOCA) more and more useful links, resources, research, instruments and examples of old and new approaches of crime prevention through environmental design and designing out crime.

This website is designed and structured in such a way that we can accommodate documents, conference papers, articles, reports, manuals, references and bibliographies but also links to other useful and relevant websites as well as the latest information about national and international events (conferences, workshops, excursions).

We will never be able to fill this E-DOCA website ourselves. We need you to send us high quality material on CPTED, Designing out Crime or Situational Crime Reduction In Partnership. Be it in English, German, French, Italian, Spanish… or any other European language. Please contact the webmaster!

We like to thank you in advance for your co-operation, help and action.

Below you will find the collection of all the english items in this website.

English items in this website (and some other languages)

Broken Windows

Broken Windows

[1982] This article is about communities and police keeping public order: the difference between order-maintenance and the police as crime fighter (law enforcement). Wilson and Kelling conclude: ...