E-DOCA

Statements and recommendations about the collaboration between environmental design/planning specialists and crime experts are becoming more and more common nowadays in European countries. These statements and recommendations are based on assumptions regarding the inter-relationships between the physical environment and human behaviour. Hence urban planning has an impact on crime and fear of crime by influencing the conduct and attitudes of offenders and potential victims (and/or targets) of crime or victims of fear of crime.

Research and experiments (see the documents on this website) show that particular types of crime can be reduced by modifying the opportunity for crime in the built environment without displacement of crime taking place.

With your help we will present on this website of the European Designing Out Crime Association (E-DOCA) more and more useful links, resources, research, instruments and examples of old and new approaches of crime prevention through environmental design and designing out crime.

This website is designed and structured in such a way that we can accommodate documents, conference papers, articles, reports, manuals, references and bibliographies but also links to other useful and relevant websites as well as the latest information about national and international events (conferences, workshops, excursions).

We will never be able to fill this E-DOCA website ourselves. We need you to send us high quality material on CPTED, Designing out Crime or Situational Crime Reduction In Partnership. Be it in English, German, French, Italian, Spanish… or any other European language. Please contact the webmaster!

We like to thank you in advance for your co-operation, help and action.

Below you will find the collection of all the english items in this website.

English items in this website (and some other languages)

Training the Community in CPTED and Community Oriented Policing

Training the Community in CPTED and Community Oriented Policing

[1998] Presentation at the 3rd International CPTED Conference, Washington, DC. 1998.

Putting Neighbors Back in The Neighborhood,  Strategies for safety, urban design, and cohousing

Putting Neighbors Back in The Neighborhood, Strategies for safety, urban design, and cohousing

[1998] Presentation at the 3rd International CPTED Conference, Washington, DC. 1998.

Neighborhood Warning Signs, CPTED to the Rescue

Neighborhood Warning Signs, CPTED to the Rescue

[1998] Presentation at the 3rd International CPTED Conference, Washington, DC. 1998.

Lessons Learned: The Institutionalization of CPTED

Lessons Learned: The Institutionalization of CPTED

[1998] Presentation at the 3rd International CPTED Conference, Washington, DC. 1998.

Institutionalizing CPTED

Institutionalizing CPTED

[1998] Presentation at the 3rd International CPTED Conference, Washington, DC. 1998.

Integrating CPTED and Technology: Computerized Pawn Systems

Integrating CPTED and Technology: Computerized Pawn Systems

[1998] Presentation at the 3rd International CPTED Conference, Washington, DC. 1998.

Community Safety and Livability, The role of community planning and design

Community Safety and Livability, The role of community planning and design

[1998] Presentation at the 3rd International CPTED Conference, Washington, DC. 1998.

Gearing Up Against Crime

Gearing Up Against Crime

[1997] A Dynamic Framework to Help Designers Keep up with the Adaptive Criminal in a Changing World.

CPTED in the Netherlands

CPTED in the Netherlands

[1997] Conference 'Crime Prevention: towards a European Level' in Noordwijk, the Netherlands.

The Expanding Role of CPTED in Premises Liability

The Expanding Role of CPTED in Premises Liability

[1996] Victims of crime are seeking compensation from the owners and managers of properties on which crime takes place with increasing frequency. In these court cases, commonly known as premises ...

Physical Environment and Crime

Physical Environment and Crime

[1996] Can physical features of the environment prevent crime or reduce problems thought to be crime related, such as fear of crime or residents’ concerns about neighborhood viability? Crime ...

Crime Prevention within Metro Systems

Crime Prevention within Metro Systems

[1996] The subject of crime and crime prevention within metro systems has gained increased attention in recent years. This may be no surprise, since criminal damages (in direct financial losses, ...

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design and Community Policing

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design and Community Policing

[1996] CPTED and community policing emphasize a problem-solving approach to crime prevention as well as close cooperation between police and residents in reducing both crime and fear of crime. ...

Creating Defensible Space

Creating Defensible Space

[1996] All Defensible Space programs have a common purpose: They restructure the physical layout of communities to allow residents to control the areas around their homes. This includes the streets ...

The Tipping Point: Searching for a Neighborhood's Crime Threshold

The Tipping Point: Searching for a Neighborhood's Crime Threshold

[1996] For some years, a small group of criminologists have been attempting to understand crime using a theory called the ecology of crime. This is about how criminal opportunities are created in ...

Safe and Secure Cities

Safe and Secure Cities

[1996] Paper, presented as a general introduction at the 'Conference on the reduction of urban insecurity', Barcelona (Spain), november 17-20 1987. This conference was organized by the Council of ...

Dream, nightmare and awakening

Dream, nightmare and awakening

[1995] Presentation at the International Forum on Promoting Safer Cities and Secure Housing, Tokyo ( Japan) on experiences at the crossroads of townplanning, architecture, security and crime ...

Crime prevention and the assessment of development applications

Crime prevention and the assessment of development applications

[2001] In Australia special CPTED guidelines (Section 79c of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979; (S79c Guidelines) issued in 2001 stimulated introducing CPTED in the design and ...

Fear of Crime and Neighborhood Change

Fear of Crime and Neighborhood Change

[1986] Paper about developments that have an (in) direct effect on increasing crime rates and fear of crime.

Broken Windows

Broken Windows

[1982] This article is about communities and police keeping public order: the difference between order-maintenance and the police as crime fighter (law enforcement). Wilson and Kelling conclude: ...